Brain injuries are caused by a bump or blow to the head. These injuries are sometimes called “concussions” or “traumatic brain injuries” and can range from mild to severe.
Most mild brain injuries cause no harm. But sometimes even mild brain injuries can cause serious problems. Head injuries are among the most serious types of injuries that occur among athletes. Careful attention to any head injury by parents, coaches, and medical professionals can help prevent complications from developing.
Skull fractures are uncommon and are unrelated to brain damage or concussion. Brain damage from head injuries is uncommon in sports.
After any significant head injury, the athlete should NOT be left alone and for the first 24 hours should be awakened every 2-3 hours during sleep to be checked.
Concussion refers to a head injury in which there is bruising of the brain, but not permanent damage or bleeding. It may occur with or without loss of consciousness.
Common symptoms include:
Exertional Provocative Tests
Anv appearance of associated symptoms is abnormal, e.g., headaches, dizziness, nausea, unsteadiness, photophobia, blurred or double vision, emotional lability or mental status changes.
Managment of Concussion in Sports
Grades of Concussion
When To Return To Play
Normal signs in the first 2 days include:
Signs that suggest the need for immediate medical attention include:
Preventing Serious Head Injuries
Riding a bike, motorcycle, snowmobile, or all terrain vehicle
Playing a contact sport, such as football, ice hockey, or boxing
Using in-line skates or riding a skateboard
Batting and running bases in baseball or softballRiding a horse, Skiing or snowboarding
American Academy of Pediatrics, Section on Sports Medicine and Fitness