(The Step 2 diet is lower in saturated fat and cholesterol than the Step 1 diet)
This diet provides guidelines for selecting foods low in total fat, saturated fat and cholesterol.
These guidelines are based on the recommendations of the National Cholesterol Education Program. This diet was designed to provide less than 30% of calories from fat.
Suggestions For The Whole Family
egg whites or cholesterol-free egg substitutes to replace eggs
unsaturated oils and liquid margarine to replace butter
skim milk to replace whole or 2% milk
in baking, try replacing half the fat in the recipe with applesauce or nonfat plain yogurt.
Suggestions For Foods To Choose And Those To Avoid
Breads, Cereals, Rice and Pasta
Serving Suggestion: 6-11 servings per day. One serving is 1 slice bread; 1 oz. Ready-to-eat cereal or 1/2 cup of cooked cereal, rice or pasta.
Serving Suggestion: 3-5 servings per day. One serving is 1 cup of raw leafy vegetables, 1/2 cup of other vegetables (cooked or chopped raw) or 3/4 cup vegetable juice.
Serving Suggestion: 2-4 servings per day. One serving is 1 medium piece of fresh fruitI/2 cup of chopped, cooked or canned fruit or 3/4 cup fruit juice.
Milk, Yogurt and Cheese
Serving Suggestion: 2-3 servings per day. One serving is 1 cup milk, 1 cup yogurt, 11/2 oz. natural cheese or 2 oz. processed cheese.
Meat, Fish, Poultry, Dry Beans and Peas
Limit meat, fish and poultry to 6 ounces cooked per day for Step 1 and 5 ounces cooked for Step 2
Limit shrimp to one 3 oz. serving per week for Steps 1 and 2
Limit to 4 yolks per week for Step 1 and 2 yolks per week for Step 2, including eggs used in cooking.
Limit to 6-8 servings per day, including fats used in cooking and baking
One serving is equal to:
1 tsp: of oil, soft margarine or mayonnaise
2 tsp. of peanut butter
1 tablespoon of oil-based salad dressing, diet margarine, reduced calorie mayonnaise,
low fat sour cream or light tub cream cheese.
2 tablespoons of low fat salad dressing.
1 tablespoon of seeds or nuts.
Desserts and Sweets
Provide calories, with little vitamins or minerals. Use very, very sparingly.
Carbonated beverages (may decrease calcium storage in bones)
Counting Fat Grams
(*Add extra grams for any oil or butter used in cooking)
Chicken drumstick, skinless, roasted 2.5
Chicken breast (3.5 oz skinless, roasted) 3.5
Turkey breast (3.5 oz skinless) 3.5
Chicken drumstick, with skin, roasted 5.8
Sirloin steak (3 oz lean) 7.0
Turkey dog 8.0
Chicken breast (3.5 oz with skin, fried) 8.7
Lamb chop (3 oz lean) 12.4
Hot dog 12.8
Hamburger patty (4 oz lean, cooked medium) 20.9
Whole rib (4 oz lean and fat, broiled) 31.0
Flounder (3 oz cooked) 1.3
Salmon (3 oz baked) 5.0
Fried fillet sandwich (3 oz w/tartar sauce) 27.0
Salad dressing (1 tablespoon)
Thousand Island, low-calorie 1.6
Thousand Island 5.6
French, regular 6.4
Oil and vinegar 8.0
Spaghetti with meatless sauce (1 cup) 1.5
Bean/cheese burrito (Ig.) 9.7
Chicken chow mein (1 cup) 10.0
Pizza, cheese (1 slice) 10.1
Spaghetti with meat sauce (1 cup) 16.7
Lasagna with beef and cheese 19.8
Sweet/sour pork (1 cup) 21.7
Fats and oils
Butter (1 tsp. or 1 pat) 4.0
Crisco (1 tablespoon) 12.0
Olive oil (I tablespoon) 13.5
Peanut oil (1 tablespoon) 13.5
Corn oil (1 tablespoon) - 13.6
Turkey breast w/mustard 5.2
Tuna salad 14.2
Peanut butter and jelly 15.1
BLT with mayonnaise 15.6
Breadstick . 0.2
Whole wheat, 1 slice 1.0
Plain bagel 2.0
Breadstick with sesame seeds 3.7
Bran muffin, homemade 5.1
Croissant, small 6.1
Bran muffin, commercial 10.3
Cheese (1 oz)
Cheddar, reduced fat 5.0
American, reduced calorie 2.2
Cottage, 2% fat (1/2 cup) 2.2
Monterey Jack 8.6
American, processed 8.9
Cream cheese 9.9
Milk (1 cup)
1% low-fat 2.6
2% low-fat 4.6
Whole . 8.2
Chocolate-flavored syrup (2 tablespoons) 0.4
Sherbet (1/2 cup) 1.9
Ice milk (1/2 cup) 2.8
Chocolate cupcake 4.0
Peach cobbler (1/2 cup) 6.0
Crumb coffee cake (med. slice) 7.0
Ice cream (1/2 cup) 7.0-12.0
Vanilla soft-serve (1/2 cup) 11.3
Carrot cake with cream cheese frosting 21.0
Jelly beans 0
Gumdrop . 2.0
Twizzlers (1 oz) 1.0